Approximately everything in the universe is connected to science in one way or the other, be it the learning about the natural world basing them on facts that are obtained from experiments, or explain phenomena. Scientific inventions have helped a great deal in improving our lives. They prove the importance of science. So, today lets get to know the top 10 famous scientists name and their inventions.
Have you ever thought about the great minds behind the most successful inventions in the world? There are several FAMOUS SCIENTISTS whose work is celebrated up to date for their inventions’ contribution in today’s world. These SCIENTISTS INVENTIONS have proved to be of great help up to now. Below is a list of ten such scientists;
1. Thomas Edison
He was an American inventor and businessman. Raised in the American Midwest, Edison worked as a telegraph operator, which mostly inspired his earlier inventions. He is mostly remembered for the light bulb invention. ever since the world has never been the same again. He was also known to combine teamwork and organized science in his invention processes. Other inventions include the phonograph and motion the picture camera. He also established the first-ever known industrial research laboratory.
2. Robert Khan
He is an American Electrical Engineer born in New York. His first workplace was the Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc. His greatest achievement is the invention of the Transmission Control Protocol and the Internet Protocol and replacing it with the earlier network used, the NCP. This is the fundamental communication protocols as per the internet by connecting several computers. HE did this invention alongside Vint Cerf. He first demonstrated the ARPANET where he was able to connect twenty computers in the International Computer Communication Conference. This made people believe that packet switching was a real technology.
3. Alexander Graham Bell
This Scottish born scientist was born in Edinburgh. He was an Engineer who was credited with inventing the first known telephone. His grandfather, father, and brother were all involved in elocution and speech work. His mother and wife were both deaf, thus influencing his invention. Bell, however, considered the invention of the telephone as a distraction and intrusion to his work. He also had other scientific inventions in the fields of hydrofoils, telecommunications, and aeronautics. He was also the founder of American Telephone and Telegraph Company.
4. Nikola Tesla
Tesla was Serbian-American. He was an Electrical and Mechanical Engineer and also a futurist. His greatest contribution is the designing of the alternating current (AC) electricity supply system. He was born and raised in the Australian empire. He studied Engineering and Physics. He gained practical experience while working in telephony and also at the Continental Edison in the electric power industry. He used to conduct his experiments using mechanical oscillators and electrical discharge tubes. He is also accredited to building a wireless-controlled boat, among the first of its kind.
5. Wright Brothers
Orville and Wilbur Wright were American brothers from Dayton, Ohio. They were the first to invent, build, and fly the first successful airplane., on December seventh, nineteen zero three. The aircraft, Wright Flyer, made the first controlled and sustained flight. They created a three-axis control system which was to enable a pilot to steer an aircraft and maintain its equilibrium.
6. Henry Ford
He was an American industrialist born in Michigan. He is known to have developed and assembled the first automobile which many of the middle-class citizens in Aerica afforded, which was initially just an expensive curiosity. He also introduced the Model-T automobile, which changed the transport sector in America. He was the owner of the Ford Motor Company too. After his creation, mass production of inexpensive goods coupled with high worker wages, Fordism, was created.
Archimedes of Syracuse, a Greek, was a mathematician, engineer, astronomer, and physicist. He is credited with the invention of mechanics and hydrostatic sciences in the third century. He invented the most widely know anecdote, the Archimedes Principle. This principle is used to determine the volume of an object which has an irregular shape. It is said that a crown for the King Hiero II had been made. He had supplied pure gold to be used. Archimedes was asked to determine if some silver had been substituted with gold by the blacksmith, without damaging the crown. He devised a method to use displaced water to find the density after submerging the crown, the process being eureka test. He found out that indeed, silver had been used.
8. Louis Pasteur
He was a French microbiologist and chemist. Louis Pasteur is renowned for the discoveries of the principles of pasteurization, vaccination, and microbial fermentation. He was able to protect people from diseases. His discoveries have made a huge impact and saved a lot of lives up to date. For instance, he reduced puerperal fever mortality and also created rabies and anthrax vaccines. He supported the germ theory of diseases. His greatest achievement as a scientist is his technique of treating wine and milk stopping bacterial infections, which is commonly known as pasteurization. He proved the theory of spontaneous generation that microorganisms could not develop on surfaces and food without contamination.
9. Charles Babbage
Babbage was an English polymath, philosopher, and mechanical engineer. He is accredited with the origination of the programmable digital computer. He invented the first computer that has led to the development of more complex computer devices. This computer was known as the analytical engine. This gained him much recognition, and he is even considered as the father of computers.
10. James Watt
Watt was a Scottish mechanical engineer. He is known for his invention, The Watt Engine. It was a steam engine which was vital during the industrial revolution, not only in Britain but the rest of the world. He was first interested in steam engines while at the University of Glasgow. He, however, experienced financial difficulties before partnering with Matthew Boulton.
These inventions have not only improved the production in industries but also added quality to peoples livelihoods. Without them, science would be just an inquiry.
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